This chapter provides the information you need to migrate your Gradle 6.x builds to the latest Gradle release. For migrating from Gradle 4.x or 5.x, see the older migration guide first.

We recommend the following steps for all users:

  1. Try running gradle help --scan and view the deprecations view of the generated build scan.

    Deprecations View of a Gradle Build Scan

    This is so that you can see any deprecation warnings that apply to your build.

    Alternatively, you could run gradle help --warning-mode=all to see the deprecations in the console, though it may not report as much detailed information.

  2. Update your plugins.

    Some plugins will break with this new version of Gradle, for example because they use internal APIs that have been removed or changed. The previous step will help you identify potential problems by issuing deprecation warnings when a plugin does try to use a deprecated part of the API.

  3. Run gradle wrapper --gradle-version 6.2 to update the project to 6.2.

  4. Try to run the project and debug any errors using the Troubleshooting Guide.

Upgrading from 6.1

Potential breaking changes

Compile and runtime classpath now request library variants by default

A classpath in a JVM project now explicitly requests the org.gradle.category=library attribute. This leads to clearer error messages if a certain library cannot be used. For example, when the library does not support the required Java version. The practical effect is that now all platform dependencies have to be declared as such. Before, platform dependencies also worked, accidentally, when the platform() keyword was omitted for local platforms or platforms published with Gradle Module Metadata.

Duplicate project names may cause publication to fail

A duplicate publication identifier detector was added to prevent different projects in a multi project to publish modules with the same groupId and artifactId coordinates. This was required following a fix done to disambiguate projects with the same name for dependency resolution.

In some cases, the check can prove too eager and may require an action from the build author.

Project :server:common has the same (groupId, artifactId) as :client:common.
You should set both the groupId and artifactId of the publication or opt out by adding the org.gradle.dependency.duplicate.project.detection system property to 'false'.

If your build fails with a message as above, make sure you configure both the groupId and artifactId in the publication configuration to resolve ambiguities.

As a temporary fix, you can also disable the new check by setting -Dorg.gradle.dependency.duplicate.project.detection=false on the CLI or by adding systemProp.org.gradle.dependency.duplicate.project.detection=false to gradle.properties. This option will be removed in future versions.

Deprecations

There were no deprecations between Gradle 6.1 and 6.2.

Upgrading from 6.0 and earlier

Deprecations

Querying a mapped output property of a task before the task has completed

Querying the value of a mapped output property before the task has completed can cause strange build failures because it indicates stale or non-existent outputs may be used by mistake. This behavior is deprecated and will emit a deprecation warning. This will become an error in Gradle 7.0.

The following example demonstrates this problem where the Producer’s output file is parsed before the Producer executes:

class Consumer extends DefaultTask {
    @Input
    final Property<Integer> threadPoolSize = ...
}

class Producer extends DefaultTask {
    @OutputFile
    final RegularFileProperty outputFile = ...
}

// threadPoolSize is read from the producer's outputFile
consumer.threadPoolSize = producer.outputFile.map { it.text.toInteger() }

// Emits deprecation warning
println("thread pool size = " + consumer.threadPoolSize.get())

Querying the value of consumer.threadPoolSize will produce a deprecation warning if done prior to producer completing, as the output file has not yet been generated.

Discontinued methods

The following methods have been discontinued and should no longer be used. They will be removed in Gradle 7.0.

  • BasePluginConvention.setProject(ProjectInternal)

  • BasePluginConvention.getProject()

  • StartParameter.useEmptySettings()

  • StartParameter.isUseEmptySettings()

Alternative JVM plugins (a.k.a "Software Model")

A set of alternative plugins for Java and Scala development were introduced in Gradle 2.x as an experiment based on the "software model". These plugins are now deprecated and will eventually be removed. If you are still using one of these old plugins (java-lang, scala-lang, jvm-component, jvm-resources, junit-test-suite) please consult the documentation on Building Java & JVM projects to determine which of the stable JVM plugins are appropriate for your project.

Potential breaking changes

ProjectLayout is no longer available to worker actions as a service

In Gradle 6.0, the ProjectLayout service was made available to worker actions via service injection. This service allowed for mutable state to leak into a worker action and introduced a way for dependencies to go undeclared in the worker action.

ProjectLayout has been removed from the available services. Worker actions that were using ProjectLayout should switch to injecting the projectDirectory or buildDirectory as a parameter instead.

Updates to default tool integration versions

Publishing Spring Boot applications

Starting from Gradle 6.2, Gradle performs a sanity check before uploading, to make sure you don’t upload stale files (files produced by another build). This introduces a problem with Spring Boot applications which are uploaded using the components.java component:

Artifact my-application-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar wasn't produced by this build.

This is caused by the fact that the main jar task is disabled by the Spring Boot application, and the component expects it to be present. Because the bootJar task uses the same file as the main jar task by default, previous releases of Gradle would either:

  • publish a stale bootJar artifact

  • or fail if the bootJar task hasn’t been called previously

A workaround is to tell Gradle what to upload. If you want to upload the bootJar, then you need to configure the outgoing configurations to do this:

configurations {
   [apiElements, runtimeElements].each {
       it.outgoing.artifacts.removeIf { it.buildDependencies.getDependencies(null).contains(jar) }
       it.outgoing.artifact(bootJar)
   }
}

Alternatively, you might want to re-enable the jar task, and add the bootJar with a different classifier.

jar {
   enabled = true
}

bootJar {
   classifier = 'application'
}