Chapter 34. The JaCoCo Plugin

The JaCoCo plugin is currently incubating. Please be aware that the DSL and other configuration may change in later Gradle versions.

The JaCoCo plugin provides code coverage metrics for Java code via integration with JaCoCo.

34.1. Getting Started

To get started, apply the JaCoCo plugin to the project you want to calculate code coverage for.

Example 34.1. Applying the JaCoCo plugin


apply plugin: "jacoco"

If the Java plugin is also applied to your project, a new task named jacocoTestReport is created that depends on the test task. The report is available at $buildDir/reports/jacoco/test. By default, a HTML report is generated.

34.2. Configuring the JaCoCo Plugin

The JaCoCo plugin adds a project extension named jacoco of type JacocoPluginExtension, which allows configuring defaults for JaCoCo usage in your build.

Example 34.2. Configuring JaCoCo plugin settings


jacoco {
    toolVersion = ""
    reportsDir = file("$buildDir/customJacocoReportDir")

Table 34.1. Gradle defaults for JaCoCo properties

Property Gradle default
reportsDir $buildDir/reports/jacoco”

34.3. JaCoCo Report configuration

The JacocoReport task can be used to generate code coverage reports in different formats. It implements the standard Gradle type Reporting and exposes a report container of type JacocoReportsContainer.

Example 34.3. Configuring test task


jacocoTestReport {
    reports {
        xml.enabled false
        csv.enabled false
        html.destination "${buildDir}/jacocoHtml"

34.4. JaCoCo specific task configuration

The JaCoCo plugin adds a JacocoTaskExtension extension to all tasks of type Test. This extension allows the configuration of the JaCoCo specific properties of the test task.

Example 34.4. Configuring test task


test {
    jacoco {
        append = false
        destinationFile = file("$buildDir/jacoco/jacocoTest.exec")
        classDumpFile = file("$buildDir/jacoco/classpathdumps")

Table 34.2. Default values of the JaCoCo Task extension

Property Gradle default
enabled true
destPath $buildDir/jacoco
append true
includes []
excludes []
excludeClassLoaders []
sessionId auto-generated
dumpOnExit true
output Output.FILE
address -
port -
classDumpPath -
jmx false

While all tasks of type Test are automatically enhanced to provide coverage information when the java plugin has been applied, any task that implements JavaForkOptions can be enhanced by the JaCoCo plugin. That is, any task that forks Java processes can be used to generate coverage information.

For example you can configure your build to generate code coverage using the application plugin.

Example 34.5. Using application plugin to generate code coverage data


apply plugin: "application"
apply plugin: "jacoco"

mainClassName = "org.gradle.MyMain"

jacoco {
    applyTo run

task applicationCodeCoverageReport(type:JacocoReport){
    executionData run
    sourceSets sourceSets.main

Note: The code for this example can be found at samples/testing/jacoco/application in the ‘-all’ distribution of Gradle.

Example 34.6. Coverage reports generated by applicationCodeCoverageReport

Build layout


34.5. Tasks

For projects that also apply the Java Plugin, The JaCoCo plugin automatically adds the following tasks:

Table 34.3. JaCoCo plugin - tasks

Task name Depends on Type Description
jacocoTestReport - JacocoReport Generates code coverage report for the test task.

34.6. Dependency management

The JaCoCo plugin adds the following dependency configurations:

Table 34.4. JaCoCo plugin - dependency configurations

Name Meaning
jacocoAnt The JaCoCo Ant library used for running the JacocoReport and JacocoMerge tasks.
jacocoAgent The JaCoCo agent library used for instrumenting the code under test.