1.1 Release Notes

For Gradle 1.1 our focus has been on usability improvements, bug fixes, and ground work to support the post 1.0 evolution of Gradle.

We focussed on improving Maven integration, dependency management and OSGi support, while also knocking off a few other known issues. For more information, check the full list of resolved tickets. We did also manage to add some nice new features, outlined below.

You might be interested in our recent posting of what you can expect from us regarding release frequency, backwards compatibility and our deprecation policy. We have also written a quick outlook on the upcoming 1.2 release.

Table Of Contents

New and noteworthy

Test Logging

Gradle 1.1 provides much more detailed information during test execution, right on the console. We've worked hard to make the the new output useful and informative out of the box, but we've also given you the ability to finely tune it to your liking.

The old output:

Test o.s.i.t.i.MessageSourceTests FAILED
4 tests completed, 1 failure

The improved output:

o.s.i.t.i.MessageSourceTests > testSearchReceivingMessageSourceInit  FAILED
    j.f.AssertionFailedError at MessageSourceTests.java:96

4 tests completed, 1 failed, 1 skipped

Show Exceptions

One of the most useful options is to show the exceptions thrown by failed tests. By default, Gradle will log a succinct message for every test exception. To get more detailed output, configure the exceptionFormat:

test {
    testLogging {
        exceptionFormat "full"

Which would produce output like:

o.s.i.t.i.MessageSourceTests > testSearchReceivingMessageSourceInit FAILED
    j.f.AssertionFailedError: null
        at j.f.Assert.fail(Assert.java:47)
        at j.f.Assert.assertTrue(Assert.java:20)
        at j.f.Assert.assertTrue(Assert.java:27)
        at o.s.i.t.i.MessageSourceTests.testSearchReceivingMessageSourceInit(MessageSourceTests.java:96)

4 tests completed, 1 failed, 1 skipped

Stack Trace Filters

Stack traces of test exceptions are automatically truncated not to show anything below the entry point into the test code. This filters out Gradle internals and internals of the test framework. A number of other filters are available. For example, when dealing with Groovy code it makes sense to add the groovy filter:

test {
    testLogging {
        stackTraceFilters "truncate", "groovy"

While would produce output like:

o.s.i.t.i.MessageSourceTests > testSearchReceivingMessageSourceInit FAILED
    o.s.i.MessageDeliveryException: Failed to send tweet 'Liking the new Gradle test logging output!'
        at o.s.i.t.i.SearchReceivingMessageSource.<init>(SearchReceivingMessageSource.java:42)
        at o.s.i.t.i.MessageSourceTests.testSearchReceivingMessageSourceInit(MessageSourceTests.java:81)
        Caused by:
        o.s.i.MessageSourceException: Oops! Looks like Twitter is down. Try again shortly.
            at o.s.i.c.IntegrationObjectSupport.onInit(IntegrationObjectSupport.java:113)
            at o.s.i.t.i.AbstractTwitterMessageSource.onInit(AbstractTwitterMessageSource.java:92)
            at o.s.i.t.i.SearchReceivingMessageSource.<init>(SearchReceivingMessageSource.java:40)
            ... 1 more

Show Other Test Events

Besides a test having failed, a number of other test events can be logged:

test {
    testLogging {
        events "started", "passed", "skipped", "failed", "standardOut", "standardError"
        minGranularity 0

By setting minGranularity, these events aren't only shown for individual tests, but also for test classes and suites.

Individual Logging Per Log Level

Test logging can be configured separately per log level:

test {
    testLogging {
        quiet {
            events "failed"

On log levels LIFECYCLE, INFO, and DEBUG, some test events (most importantly failed tests) are already shown by default. For detailed documentation about all test logging related options, see TestLogging and TestLoggingContainer.

For further details, see the forum announcement for this feature.

Easier opening of test and code quality reports

When a test or code quality task has found a problem, it typically prints a message which includes the file path of the generated report. This message has been slightly changed to print the path as a file URL. Smart consoles recognize such URLs and make it easy to open them. For example, in Mac's Terminal.app reports are now just a CMD + double click away.

Tooling API provides Gradle module information for external dependencies

The Tooling API can be used to obtain the model of the project which includes the information about the dependencies of the project. In Gradle 1.1, the Tooling API also provides Gradle module information, i.e. group, name, version of each dependency.

Please see the javadoc for GradleModuleVersion. You can obtain the Gradle module information via ExternalDependency.getGradleModuleVersion().

This feature helps the IDE integration like Gradle STS plugin to support more flexible developer workspace and hence faster dev cycles. Using Eclipse terms: it is a first step into providing the ability to toggle between Eclipse 'project' dependency and a regular 'binary' dependency.

Global Maven settings.xml

When migrating from Maven you can reuse the artifacts from your local Maven repository in your Gradle build. Gradle now honours the Maven settings located in $M2_HOME/conf/settings.xml to locate the local Maven repository. If a local repository is defined in ~/.m2/settings.xml, this location takes precedence over a repository definition in $M2_HOME/conf/settings.xml. This is used when you have declared the mavenLocal() repository definition in your build script and in general when checking for locally available resources before downloading them again.

Publishing SHA1 checksums to Ivy repositories

Gradle will now automatically generate and publish SHA1 checksum files when publishing to an Ivy repository. For each file foo.ext published, Gradle will also publish a checksum file with the name foo.ext.sha1.

The presence of SHA1 checksums in the dependency repository allows Gradle to be more efficient when resolving dependencies. Recently Gradle gained the ability to use the checksum of a remote file to determine whether or not it truly needs to be downloaded. If Gradle can find a file with an identical checksum to the target remote file, it will use that instead of downloading the remote file. Also, for “changing” dependencies (e.g. snapshots) Gradle can compare the remote checksum with the checksum of the local file to avoid downloading unchanged dependencies.

Checksums have always been published to Maven repositories. This new feature of publishing checksums to Ivy repositories unlocks the recent Gradle dependency downloading optimizations to Ivy users. There is no change required to your build script to enable this functionality.

Dependency resolution supports HTTP Digest Authentication

Due to the way Gradle used pre-emptive HTTP Authentication, Gradle 1.0 was not able to handle a repository secured with HTTP Digest Authentication. This issue has been resolved by using the following new strategy:

Upgrading from Gradle 1.0

Please let us know if you encounter any issues during the upgrade to Gradle 1.1, that are not listed below.


Statement Labels

As in Java, statement labels are rarely used in Groovy. The following example shows a frequent pitfall where a statement label is erroneously used in an attempt to configure an object:

task foo {
    dependsOn: bar

Whereas what the author actually intended was:

task foo {
    dependsOn bar

Note the colon after dependsOn in the first code block. This extra colon causes the line to be interpreted as a statement label (a Java/Groovy language feature), which effectively makes it a non operation. Statement labels are not useful in Gradle build scripts.

To prevent such mistakes that are hard to track down and debug, the usage of statement labels in build scripts has been deprecated and Gradle will issue a deprecation warning when they are used. In Gradle 2.0, statement labels in build scripts will no longer be supported and will cause an error.

M2_HOME system property

Previously, Gradle looked for a JVM system property named M2_HOME for the location of a custom Maven home directory. This has been deprecated in favor of an environment variable, named M2_HOME, which is also used by other tools that integrate with Maven. Support for the M2_HOME system property will be removed in Gradle 2.0.

Publication of missing artifacts

Previously, if an artifact to be published referred to a file that does not exist during publication, then Gradle would silently ignore the artifact to be published. This is only likely to occur when declaring file artifacts.

This behavior is now deprecated. Attempting to publish a non-existant artifact file will result in a deprecation warning, and will produce an error in Gradle 2.0.


Project.fileTree(Object) - Removal of incorrect @deprecation tag

The Project.fileTree(Object) method was incorrectly annotated with the @deprecated Javadoc tag in Gradle 1.0-milestone-8. This method has not been deprecated and the Javadoc tag has been removed.

Project.fileTree(Closure) - Addition of @deprecation tag

The Project.fileTree(Closure) method was deprecated in Gradle 1.0-milestone-8. The method was not annotated with the @deprecated javadoc tag at that time. This has been added for this release. This method will be removed in Gradle 2.0.


org.gradle.api.tasks.testing.TestLogging - Moved into logging subpackage

The org.gradle.api.tasks.testing.TestLogging interface was moved into package org.gradle.api.tasks.testing.logging (and subsequently enhanced with new methods). For backwards compatibility reasons, the old interface was kept at its original location, but is now deprecated. The old interface will be removed in Gradle 2.0.

Potential breaking changes


We've decided to change the IDEA plugin's default JDK name. The new default is now smarter. Without this change, many users had to configure the JDK name explicitly in the builds or manually tweak the JDK name in IDEA after running the gradle idea task. The current default uses the Java version that Gradle runs with.

Although we believe the new default is much better for majority of users, there might be some builds out there that preferred the old default. If you happen to prefer the old default (1.6) please configure that explicitly in your build via idea.project.jdkName


Deprecated internal method AbstractTask.getDynamicObjectHelper() has been removed.

Fixed Issues

The list of issues fixed between 1.0 and 1.1 can be found here.